Meet the Hausa, the largest Ethnic Group in Africa

the hausa

The Hausa are the largest ethnic group in sub-Saharan Africa.

And as it seems, even their Afro- Asiatic dialect, the Hausa, happens to be the most spoken language in the sub-Saharan Africa region after the Kiswahili language of East Africa.

Numbering approximately 80 million, the Hausa are mostly concentrated within the Sahelian and sparse savannah regions of southern Niger and northern Nigeria.

However, a significant number can also be found in the western, central and eastern African countries of Gabon, Senegal, Gambia, Equitorial Guinea, Togo and Benin.

The Hausa can also be found in Ivory Coast, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Chad, Sudan, Cameron, Republic of Congo, as well as in the Central African Republic.

During the second half of the last millennium the Hausa founded Islamic empires which are recognized among the wealthiest and culturally advanced in the world and greatly influenced Europe’s emergence from the dark ages.

Their principal cultural centers are Katsina, Sokoto and Timbuktu.

The Hausa have a long tradition as traders dating from centuries ago when they controlled trans-Saharan trade with North Africa.

Today they are primarily traders, pastoralists, and farmers, but it is for their well-established equestrian culture that they are known today.

For centuries, horses have been an important part of their lives and feature prominently in their cultural festivities and celebrations adorned with colorful fabrics and bronze ornaments.

Their horses are predominantly of the Dongola-Barb breed from Dongola in Northern Sudan interbred with Arab horses and ridden by their acclaimed horsemen and women.

And if it is of any interest, the richest man on the African Continent so far is Aliko Dangote who happens to be a Hausa.

Hausa Man

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